HARMONYOSHarmonyOS (HongMeng OS)
On May 20, 2019, we were the first one to report about Huawei’s own operating system – Hongmeng and after a round of rumors and news, Huawei finally unveiled Harmony OS AKA HongMeng OS at Huawei Developer Conference 2019.
On September 10, 2020, Huawei unveiled HarmonyOS 2.0 at Huawei Developer Conference 2020 (HDC 2020) with added new distributed capabilities, including software bus, data management, and security. Huawei also introduced an adaptive UX framework that allows developers to quickly reach tens of millions of new devices and users.
This new operating system, according to Huawei, will become an important aspect of Huawei’s ecosystem and gradually make its way to most of its devices over the course of the next few years.
What is HarmonyOS?
HarmonyOS (HongMeng OS) is a new microkernel-based, distributed operating system designed to deliver a new user experience across all devices and scenarios.
“We’re entering a day and age where people expect a holistic intelligent experience across all devices and scenarios. To support this, we felt it was important to have an operating system with improved cross-platform capabilities. We needed an OS that supports all scenarios, that can be used across a broad range of devices and platforms, and that can meet consumer demand for low latency and strong security.” said Richard Yu, CEO of Huawei’s Consumer Business Group.
“HarmonyOS is completely different from Android and iOS. It is a microkernel-based, distributed OS that delivers a smooth experience across all scenarios. It has a trustworthy and secure architecture, and it supports seamless collaboration across devices. You can develop your apps once, then flexibly deploy them across a range of different devices.” Richard added.
HarmonyOS is based on the four technical features described below:
1. Seamless Experience:
By adopting distributed architecture and distributed virtual bus technology, HarmonyOS offers a shared communications platform, distributed data management, distributed task scheduling, and virtual peripherals. With HarmonyOS, app developers won’t have to deal with the underlying technology for distributed apps, allowing them to focus on their own individual service logic. Developing distributed apps will be easier than ever before. Apps built on HarmonyOS can run on different devices while delivering a seamless, collaborative experience across all scenarios.
2. Smooth Performance:
HarmonyOS will address underperformance challenges with a Deterministic Latency Engine and high-performance Inter-Process Communication (IPC). The Deterministic Latency Engine sets task execution priorities and time limits for scheduling in advance. Resources will gravitate toward tasks with higher priorities, reducing the response latency of apps by 25.7%. The microkernel can make IPC performance up to five times more efficient than existing systems.
3. More Secure:
HarmonyOS uses a brand-new microkernel design that features enhanced security and low latency. This microkernel was designed to simplify kernel functions, implement as many system services as possible in user mode outside the kernel, and add mutual security protection. The microkernel itself provides only the most basic services like thread scheduling and IPC.
Harmony OS’s microkernel design uses formal verification methods to reshape security and trustworthiness from the ground up in a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE). Formal verification methods are an effective mathematical approach to validate system correctness from the source, while traditional verification methods, such as functional verification and attack simulation, are confined to limited scenarios. Formal methods, by contrast, can use data models to verify all software running paths.
HarmonyOS is the first OS to use formal verification in device TEE, significantly improving security. In addition, because the HarmonyOS microkernel has much less code (roughly one-thousandth the amount of the Linux kernel), the probability of an attack is greatly reduced.
4. All in One:
Powered by a multi-device IDE, multi-language unified compilation, and a distributed architecture kit, HarmonyOS can automatically adapt to different screen layout controls and interactions, and support both drag-and-drop control and preview-oriented visual programming. This allows developers to more efficiently build apps that run on multiple devices. With a multi-device IDE, developers can code their apps once and deploy them across multiple devices, creating a tightly integrated ecosystem across all user devices.
The Huawei ARK Compiler is the first static compiler that can perform on par with Android’s virtual machine, enabling developers to compile a broad range of advanced languages into machine code in a single, unified environment. By supporting unified compilation in multiple languages, the Huawei ARK Compiler will help developers greatly improve their productivity.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND ECOSYSTEM: (ANNOUNCED ON AUGUST 10, 2019)
HarmonyOS 1.0 will be first adopted in its smart screen products, which are due to launch later this year. Over the next three years, HarmonyOS will be optimized and gradually adopted across a broader range of smart devices, including wearables, Huawei Vision, and head units for your car.
- HongmengOS 1.0 – 2019 (for TVs)
- HongmengOS 2.0 – 2020 (for PCs, SmartWatch/Bands, In-Vehicle Systems)
- HongmengOS 3.0 – 2021 (for Smart Speakers and Headphones)
- HongmengOS 4.0 – 2022 (for VR Glasses and more)
Huawei has planned to release HarmonyOS as an open-source platform, worldwide. Huawei will also establish an open-source foundation and an open-source community to support more in-depth collaboration with developers.
Huawei will open up and share its core capabilities in areas like connectivity, cameras, and AI. It will work closely with ecosystem partners to deliver apps and services that provide consumers top experience.
CHANGES IN HARMONYOS 2.0:
HarmonyOS 2.0 officially open-source and developers will be able to gain access to emulators, SDK packages, and IDE tools. The open-source project, which is donated to OpenAtom Foundation, will be launched in stages with a mobile HarmonyOS beta release planned firstly for Chinese developers at the end of 2020.
HarmonyOS 2.0 open roadmap and it’ll support the type of memory devices:
- From September 10, 2020 – Device with 128KB to 128MB RAM (including IoT devices such as smart TVs, wearables, cars, and more)
- From April 21, 2021 – Device with 128MB to 4GB RAM
- From October 2021 – Device with over 4GB RAM
HarmonyOS 2.0 Beta version release date for developers:
- September 10, 2020 – Smart TVs, watches, and head units
- December 16, 2020 – Smartphones
According to Richard Yu, Huawei’s Consumer Business Group (CBG) CEO, Huawei will launch the first HarmonyOS smartphone in 2021.
Wang Chenglu, President of the Software Department, Huawei Consumer Business Group (BG) said: Users who’ll upgrade to EMUI 11 will get a HarmonyOS update “as soon as possible”. Users will also have the option to purchase new HarmonyOS devices by next year (2021).
HARMONYOS 2.0 MOBILE DEVELOPER BETA LAUNCH:
On December 16, 2020, Huawei announced the mobile beta version of the HarmonyOS 2.0 for developers and on the same day, Huawei also opened HarmonyOS 2.0 test recruitment for the Huawei P40, Mate 30, and MatePad Pro devices in China.
Initial hand-on of the beta suggests that Huawei has made big changes in the base architecture of the HarmonyOS and made it the base of EMUI 11 user interface to test its features.
However, a Huawei insider revealed that the company will make changes in the user interface with the stable rollout of HarmonyOS 2.0 for mobile devices.
Huawei aims to install HarmonyOS in over 100 million devices in 2021:
On December 16, 2020, Huawei also shared its plan to install HarmonyOS in over 100 million smart devices in 2021, and to complete this aim, the Chinese tech giant has partnered with various industry partners to include HarmonyOS on their respective devices.
May 21, 2019, Few More details landed:
New information revealed that Huawei’s OS is based on Linux and Hongmeng name is related to Chinese mythology. That fits in the lineup of names like processor series “Kirin” which is also derived from the name of a mythical chimerical creature ‘Qilin’.
Also, This OS will be used as a universal operating system for multiple platforms including smartphones and notebooks.
May 21, 2019, Problems with early application ecosystem:
Apart from an operating system, there’s always a need of an application ecosystem that is tagged with several problems including compatibility and bugs, please read the full article here where we’ve highlighted Huawei’s main issues in the development of applications to support this new OS.
May 21, 2019, First glance at Availability and Compatibility:
According to Huawei’s consumer business CEO Yu Chengdong, Huawei’s first-ever self-developed operating system will soon be launched this fall the earliest and no later than spring next year. Interestingly, the new Huawei OS will be compatible with all Huawei phones, tablets, TV, and wearable devices.
He also revealed that Huawei’s OS is also compatible with all Android applications and all web applications.
May 23, 2019, Huawei CEO’s interview:
Huawei CEO again confirmed the launch date to CNBC, that Huawei’s operating system could be ready by the fourth quarter of this year and a version for the global market in the first or the second quarter of 2020.
This sentence has also grown possibilities that the company may come up with a different name for the global market but not confirmed by the official at that time.
He also said the operating system will support all android apps and come with its “App Gallery” as a default app store.
However, the Huawei executive stressed that the company will only launch its operating system if it will receive a permanent ban from using Google or Microsoft products
May 24, 2019, Huawei registered “Hongmeng” trademark in China:
Huawei has registered trademarked for “Huawei Hongmeng” from China’s Trademark Office of national intellectual property administration with an application submission date of Aug 24, 2018, which was publically announced on May 14, 2019, and the duration of this registration is valid from May 14, 2019, to May 13, 2029.
The application is registered under multiple categories, including – Operating System Program, Computer Operating Program, Computer Operating Software. All of these categories confirms that “Hongmeng” is the name of Huawei’s operating system.
Moreover, the categories also include – Smartphone, Tablet, Laptop, and more, showing that the company has prepared it for all its devices ecosystem, which we’ve also reported about.
If you are interested in checking the trademark application details please visit the original article here.
May 28, 2019, Huawei registers ARK in Europe:
Huawei has registered “Huawei ARK OS” trademark at EUIPO, on May 24, 2019, and submitted in the same categories including Operating System.
It looks like we could have a global name of the “Hongmeng OS”. The Huawei ARK OS could be the name of the upcoming Huawei OS, which will work on all the devices globally, except China.
May 28, 2019, There are no such statements at the moment:
There are fake reports that said Huawei’s self-developed operating system will be 60% faster compared to Android OS and will also support IOS apps.
As of now, according to our information, we want to confirm that there are no such statements made by any Huawei executive or official regarding these subjects.
May 29, 2019, Huawei filed new UI designs patent
On March 26, 2019, Huawei filed a design patent at DPMA (German Patent and Trademark Office) and published on May 14, 2019, the same day as Huawei filed a trademark for “ARK OS”.
Check more details in a dedicated article here.
June 2, 2019, Huawei is testing Hongmeng OS and its compatibility with Android Apps
A report revealed that Huawei has allegedly shipped 1 million smartphones with the software onboard for testing, and with the compatibility to run all Android applications.
Hongmeng OS will come with increased security functions.
Rosenblatt Securities revealed in a smartphone supply chain report that Huawei has allegedly shipped 1 million smartphones with the software on board for testing, with the software also said to be compatible with all Android applications and has “increased security functions to protect personal data.”
June 3, 2019, Hongmeng OS to launch in September inside Huawei Mate 30 Series
June 7, 2019, Google thinks Huawei’s OS would be more susceptible to being hacked
Google believes that the Chinese company can not provide the level of security it has for the Android OS. A Huawei-modified version of Android OS would be more susceptible to being hacked.
June 7, 2019, Huawei to launch ‘Hongmeng OS’ in Q3 2019: Report
Huawei could launch a new self-made OS in Q3 2019. The name could be “Hongmeng OS” in China and will be known as “Ark OS” globally,
June 8, 2019, Exclusive: Huawei registers “HongMeng” trademark all around the globe
we’ve confirmed that Huawei has filed the “HongMeng” trademark applications in almost every possible intellectual property organizations around the globe.
June 11, 2019, Chinese smartphone makers including Xiaomi and OPPO are reportedly testing Huawei’s Hongmeng OS [Update]
June 13, 2019, Hongmeng is expected to launch in October, not ready for flagship phones: Analyst
Huawei’s self-developed operating system identified as ‘HongMeng‘ is yet to unveil by the company but a well-known industry analyst says this OS will be coming in October featuring in low-end devices.
June 14, 2019, Hongmeng OS reportedly in preparation for being launched
Andrew Williamson, vice president of Huawei’s public affairs and communications, said in an interview that the company will “presumably” trademark Hongmeng, which he said has likely been rolled out to a million devices in China.
June 26, 2019, Ark Compiler will be open source from August this year, could play a big role in Hongmeng OS
Xiao Ran, Vice President of Huawei’s Strategy and Industry Development, said that Huawei Ark Compiler will be officially open source in August this year and also invited partners and applications to join its ecosystem and create apps based on Ark compiler.
June 27, 2019, Huawei should develop Hongmeng OS ‘Open Source’: Qihoo 360 Chairman
At 2019 Nanjing Tech Week, Zhou Hongyi, Chairman and CEO of Internet security company Qihoo 360 Technology, delivered a speech, saying Huawei can develop Hongmeng operating system in an open-source platform, and similar to the Android OS, Hongmeng can easily be spread throughout China’s IT sector.
July 5, 2019, Breaking: Huawei is testing Hongmeng OS in Mate 30, planning to launch together
Huawei is inviting peoples to test its operating system on a new device (possibly Huawei Mate 30). The email also mentioned that the company is planning to release the operating system alongside Huawei Mate 30 series.
July 6, 2019: Huawei’s OS supports different devices, already operational for some phones in China: Ren Zhengfei
Frech ‘Le Point’ magazine posted an interview of Huawei Founder and CEO, Ren Zhengfei, who talked about the company’s business and issues with the U.S., as well as the company’s self-developed Operating System.
July 6, 2019: Huawei founder says our OS needs a vast application ecosystem, will take few years to establish
Founder Ren told in an interview published on French Magazine “Le Point”, compared to Apple and Google, we still lack a good application ecosystem. That will take a few years to be established at a high level with the help of developers.
July 8, 2019: Breaking: Here are the leaked features Huawei is bringing to Hongmeng OS
Huawei has recently been recruiting internal testers in China to test its software in the name of ‘new features software’ testing, as one of the testers has contacted Huaweicentral.com and revealed some of the key feature details of that software on condition of anonymity.
July 12, 2019: Android is still the first choice, undecided on Hongmeng OS
Huawei Chairman Liang Hua said the company still prefers Android over its self-developed OS.
July 13, 2019: Report: Huawei is creating confusion on Hongmeng OS, developing for smartphones or Not?
Recently, we’ve seen variations in Huawei’s announcement regarding its self-developed operating system, the OS that expected to replace Android in its device ecosystem but now it seems like the company is trying to hide something away from us on this matter.
July 17, 2019: Hongmeng OS to be used in Honor TV, potential launch at HDC 2019: Industry Source
Since the start of Hongmeng OS’ story, there are different statements made by the company officials that differentiate from each other on this subject and creates infinite confusion but in the midst of all of this misconception now we have got a new report that hints the company is planning launch this OS in its upcoming smart TV.
July 19, 2019: Hongmeng OS is not for smartphones, it’s for industrial solutions: Huawei Director
Huawei’s self-developed operating system reportedly called as Hongmeng OS is widely speculated to be a replacement of Android but this allegation has already been denied by two Huawei executives and now we have a new statement from a Huawei that also confirms the denial.
July 24, 2019: Huawei officially teases an all in one software solution ahead of HDC 2019, Hongmeng OS?
Huawei previously confirmed that Ark Compiler will be a topic of discussion at Huawei Developer Conference 2019 and today the company has dropped a hint that may create some high hope for Huawei fans waiting to see something new.
July 30, 2019: Here’s some clarification on Hongmeng OS and its future in Huawei’s device ecosystem
We’ve been arguing about the fact that Huawei has also developed Hongmeng OS for smartphones but the company has denied it and today we’ve got some real light on this matter.
August 5, 2019: Huawei smartphone with Hongmeng OS to go on sale in Q4 at 2000 yuan, under testing: Source
Although top executives from Huawei has denied that they’ve not developed for Hongmeng OS for the smartphones but a new report has once again started the conversation on Android’s alternative.